Technically there are four-types of wheel drive. Every vehicle setting is different. Each car wheel drive has their benefits. Below you will find a brief description of each.
1. Front-Wheel-Drive: Indicates the drive power position on both front (or top end) wheels. The transmission is conditioned to provide all power to the front end of your car wheels, very beneficial if you encounter constant rain, this avoids skidding. Though it does not offer the best performance, it does maintain good fuel-efficiency.
2. Rear-Wheel-Drive:Focuses on drive power usage in the rear end (or back-end) wheels. The transmission system provides this power to rear end purpose is to distribute power through the backside evenly. This drive is typical because of easy maintenance (i.e., swapping the tires every six months for safety & performance). Though, rear wheel drive is not reliable for cold season weather (rain or snow) due to traction loss.
3. All-Wheel-Drive: Is common for medium-size sedans- all-wheel-drive is the most reliable and safe wheel drive. Why? The on-ward motion power is distributed to all four wheels by command of the axles. Cold season weather conditions such as rain, ice, or snow do not provide a challenge for this particular wheel drive. Traction met via all (four) wheels of this vehicle.
4.Four-Wheel-Drive: Is not the same as all-wheel-drive. 4X4Drive is for bigger vehicles such as trucks or SUVs. The purpose is to have traction whenever, and if ever this large vehicle decides to go off road. Four-Wheel-Drive keeps steady car during terrain such as: drivng up a hill, driving through mud, driving through sand, etc. The option to turn on and turn off this 4X4Drive is capable of being turned off and turned back on.